Wednesday, October 20, 2010

The Nuggets in Great Basin Gold - GBG - Interview with CEO Dippenaar

The Nuggets in Great Basin Gold - GBG - Interview with CEO Dippenaar
October 19, 2010

Great Basin Gold's (GBG, TSX:GBG, JSE:GBG) stock has just broken out to the high side and they have doubled their market capitalization in the short time space of two months.  See the calculations in the table following:  (click to enlarge).
Table 1:  Great Basin Gold - Market Capitalization.  At October 19th, 2010 all the warrants are in the money and debentures may be converted to shares.
What do you suppose the market is saying here?  Well, ladies and gentlemen, this is a prime example of a mining company sitting in the sweet spot of the value curve when bringing their new mine into production.  For a fuller explanation of the sweet spot for a mining Junior click here. 
Great Basin does not just have one mine coming into production but two.  Their large prime mine in the Witwatersrand Basin of South Africa, Burnstone has started milling ore, this fall.  Their smaller sister Nevada mine, Hollister has been test mining for over one year and has just recently this summer stabilized their milling operations.  The market is finally acknowledging this mining production progress and is beginning to recognize the value of Great Basin and has responded by assigning a higher share price.  This is not a trivial matter, in the creation of a $600 million valuation increase, by bringing these mining projects into production.  This is the culmination of a long time struggle with mine building and financial markets resulting in rapid revaluation of Great Basin Gold's share price.

Interview with Mr. Ferdi Dippenaar, CEO of Great Basin Gold

The author has followed Great Basin closely, and further background may be obtained from these articles here on Seeking Alpha.  It was with surprise and pleasure, when Mr. Michael Curlook, Manager of IR & Corporate Development  called and said that Mr. Ferdi Dippenaar, President & CEO of Great Basin Gold was willing to talk to me about Great Basin's future prospects.  The interview following is verbatim from notes and was conducted by telephone with Mr. Dippenaar in South Africa on October 19th, 2010. 

The author asked Mr. Dippenaar to brief us on Great Basin's outlook going forward as to exploration priorities among their existing mine sites of Hollister, and Burnstone and also their green field explorations in Tanzania and Mozambique.  Note:  further information about the Tanzanian and Mozambique properties are in the March 31, 2010 Annual Information Form here.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  If we have a look at the Mozambique property.  It is in the Tsetsera  area, it is a green belt.  It is an area that has seen some mining.  What we have is... we actually have a property, which we've done some dirt sampling, grab sampling, we've looked at some trenches, and tried to get...this is even ...if I qualify, this is even before we put out a drilling program. 
Marco G.:  Right.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  The whole idea was to do a lot of surface work, and the mapping.  I forgot to say we've done the actual mapping, which we've spend quite a bit of time on.  So we have the...we could have let go of the property, we've decided against that, because just based upon the initial results, even if it's only from the initial surface exploration, was such that we felt that it's definitely worth follow-up.  The follow-up would be ....probably more trenching and then first pass drilling.
Marco G.:  First pass drilling?
Ferdi Dippenaar:  First pass drilling, yes.
Marco G.:  That will be exciting for investors.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, I think it definitely will, we are looking forward to it.  We actually think it could be extremely exciting. 
Marco G.:  Yes, you say the property is 17 square kilometers, and from the information on your site, it has been worked historically by artisanal miners and that there is exposure on the surface.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  There is definitely exposure on the surface, but it is also trying to...there is not a huge amount of ground cover.  But it is also to bring it a bit further understand the extent of the mineralization. 
Marco G.:  Okay, that's Mozambique, how about the other area, Rusaf... GBG Rusaf.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yes GBG Rusaf , yeah that is quite interesting.  I think if you access the actual reports, technical reports, that were placed on the web site...  did you get them.
Marco G.:  Yes, we have gone through them.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  In our minds, it is basically the two areas, and that would be the Lupa area, which we own a significant land package, which ........definitely after the first pass drilling.  That's basically, what we did two years ago.  It is having to firm up.  Now it is the second pass drilling because we've identified some target areas.
Marco G.:  Okay,
Ferdi Dippenaar:  I don't want to repeat everything that are in the actual reports as well.
Marco G.:  I understand... I guess what we are kind of looking for, and maybe GBG plans aren't yet there.  October 15th has just barely gone past last Friday.  What with the warrants, now there is a fresh infusion of funds into the company.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Exactly, you are quite right.  The whole intention let's just go through the various areas in Tanzania.  We've discussed the...we call it the N’kuluwisi gold property in southern Tanzania.  That's bordered the Lupa area.  I think that you'll see the measured and indicated and inferred resource, it probably around ...well let's just take the grade of 1.5 g /ton that's currently 67,000 ounces.  That's with the first pass drilling, that took place.  If one has a look at the northern section, which you've got the Lubando area.  I don't know if you saw that technical report? 
Marco G.:  I may have, but it is not at my fingertips presently.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  I just trying to deal with the size and the actual resource.  So, that's nearly 200,000 ounces but the one that probably excites us more is the Imweru report, where we have the resource of 629,000 ounces.  Yeah, that's fairly large.  And bear in mind that is just first pass drilling.  So that's was our prioritization of target areas, it would probably be in Imweru and then the southern portion which is the Lupa target area.  And that's in N’kuluwisi, that technical report.
Marco G.:  All right.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  So, here we are talking exploration, and the prioritization thereof.  I would put the Hollister property right on top.
Marco G.:  Wow, Okay,
Ferdi Dippenaar:  So the Hollister property is the most important, bear in mind that we've made three discoveries, the Hatter Graben, the Gloria veins system and the extended Gwenivere veins system... all really prospective. 
Marco G.:  Right.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  We actually believe, that even from underground, we could achieve... we've focused and targeted another area.  Which is is the subject of exploration, that still has to take place later this year.
Marco G.:  Okay, as soon as that.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, as soon as that.  Each year we do a lot of infill drilling at the Hollister property.  But we do believe that ...our thinking is that if we drill a fairly long hole out to the Velvet area from underground.  We actually think that we could be passing through a number of structures that could be hosting mineralization.
Marco G.:  Yes, I see that in your reports, where you hit one area and then you hit a new vein system with one drill hole.  I guess that is the advantage of going underground and drilling underground,
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, again drilling underground is of course a lot easier.  It's the ability to drill, to put out a long hole.  It just makes a lot more sense and lot more cost effective.
Marco G.:  Right, not only are you...  sometimes you can even do the infilling and you may hit things that you were not expecting, which is sky.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Exactly, I believe there is a significant amount of blue sky at the property.  Hollister is just so extremely prospective!  It is slightly more expensive to drill in North America, than what it would be in South Africa or Africa, but just due to the prospective nature of the property, I believe there is good pay back there.
Marco G.:  Right, to add to the existing mine life and increasing resources.  I recall reading somewhere, that you say you are looking for 3 million ounces, so that is adding 2 million before putting in your own mill. 
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, that would be the idea.  That would definitely be...expand the current operation and also the life of mine.  I think that it is a bit of both.
Marco G.:  One of the best articles that I have read about your mine was the Northern Miner article, from February  of this year.  I think it was a lady that wrote it, a Gwen Preston from a site visit to your Hollister mine.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Oh yes, that's right. 
Marco G.:  They went over quite a bit of exploration.  I recall that the Hatter Graben, from one of your conference calls , that one of the analysts was very interested in that.  They were asking you, I think it was earlier this year.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  You are quite right.  She did that visit.  Yes, anybody that tend to visit the site gets the ...I sense....they see and they enjoy the what they see.
Marco G.:  Like from her article, it says here that GBG's plan was to head towards that area with an underground decline .
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, that is still the plan.  The whole idea is to rather do a bit more exploration because exploration is obviously a lot cheaper than doing the development.
Marco G.:  Right, and that would serve a double purpose.  The decline would help in exploration and later it would be part of the infrastructure. 
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Exactly, that is still the thinking. 
Marco G.:  As part of this article, may I ask you are looking for the mine, a second raise it says.  Is that still happening presently?
Ferdi Dippenaar:  The second raise... oh yes, the Alimak raise, that is currently being developed as we speak.
Marco G.:  This is a vertical raise to help with ventilation and maybe other usages as well.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Absolutely.
Marco G.:  I haven't seen anywhere else, but this article touches upon the prospectively of the Esmeralda property that you folks were very fortunate to latch onto.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, the Esmeralda property, we believe in terms of priority, it would be Hollister and then Esmeralda.  The principal or the main focus after we acquired Esmeralda was to get the mill up and running.  Of course after we get the mill up and running, we can then start focusing on actually ...after the mill, is to try and see how... that is to look at more of Esmeralda but underground .  Bear in mind that we have a number of declines on the site, and the declines ...especially the Prospectus decline was flooded by ordinary ground water.  It is something that could be easily be de-watered.  And they did just stop the mine, stopped mining so there is some mineable material and stopes available for mining which can contribute to production, while we are busy with more exploration.  There is production upside at Esmeralda and exploration upside
Marco G.:  Wow, okay.  I suppose I am a little bit too early.  As I've said your plans aren't yet in place yet.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yes, it will be basically determined by the availability of funding.  So, if there is funding available, we will then go out and do the exploration at Esmeralda.  But only after we've allocated funding to do the exploration at Hollister.
Lastly, there is Burnstone.  At Burnstone, we have a significant ore body.  It is already in excess of 13 million ounces.  We can drill more holes and we continue to drill more holes and find more but ultimately at the end of the day you can only mine so much in the short term.  I just believe that one could do better by spending a bit more money on the know you get more return for your exploration dollar if it was spent at Hollister and Esmeralda in the short term. 
Marco G.:  Okay, short term it is Hollister and Esmeralda.  But what is the potential though, at Burnstone?  It's the reef area and you are fortunate that in the Burnstone mine that it is the up lifted portion of the reef.  But there must be a deeper portion on the other side of the faults.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  No, it actually becomes shallower again.  The deepest portion of that basin is probably about 1200 to 1300 meters below surface.  That is the deepest portion; bear in mind that after 19 years of mining we only get down to 750 meters below surface.  So this is in 25 years maybe we get down to 1200 meters below surface.  There is a lot of mining to do.  A lot of shallow areas still that can be explored.   You know, we have ....remember that this ore body is extremely shallow.  We are mining on the shallowest part. 
Marco G.:  It is quite uncharacteristic of the deep South African mines.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Very, very different.  Bear in mind ... the very different basin; we own the largest land holdings in this South Rand basin.  The reef starts at 216 meters below surface. 
Marco G.:  That's very shallow.  Mr. Dippenaar, may I enquire a little bit?  Your company is just bringing two mines on, into production and you have these mine building teams in place.  What might be the outlook going forward.  You are doing the exploration for further reserves and resources at both mines, in Hollister and Burnstone.   And Hollister is probably higher priority and more bang for the buck as you say.  Are there any thoughts as to how to further leverage these mine building capabilities of your teams.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, I definitely think so.  If you have a look at the fact that the teams are there.  They have the necessary experience and then to  go out to expand the current operations or then build new mines.  We do have the capacity and management and the experience to actually to do that.
Marco G.:  The only thing holding you back is getting the production complete and the markets to re-rate Great Basin Gold as a Mid-Tier producer.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah, I tend to agree with that.  I just think we need to settle down both Hollister and then Burnstone.  And as soon as we settle them down, I think we are ready to go.  So, to me it's just taking a bit of a breather.
Marco G.:  Sure.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  In terms of getting a bit of consistency at the operations. 
Marco G.:  May I ask, that Hollister, again, I read somewhere, that the main holdback for expansion isn't mining, its actually milling capability.  For expansion of the milling circuit, you would be able to increase production.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Exactly, that's exactly why acquiring or ending up with a mill significantly larger than what we have would be the ideal situation.
Marco G.:  Would it be possible to continue like what you've done in the past, the contract milling.  Like say either at Midas or the Yukon Nevada operation, in parallel with your Esmeralda or is it just the costs don't warrant it?  The costs and complexity.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  I wouldn't like to send any more ore to the Midas mill, the costs of milling it there are just too expensive.  You just pay too much or lose too much by doing it.  My focus would rather be to find either a milling capacity...  If we do find milling capacity, we would be able to grow either operations, Hollister or Esmeralda.  That is the target.
Marco G.:  The target is to find milling capacity.  In previous years, I understand other companies were looking at and examining Hollister in terms of resources and in terms of ...before the mine was actually where it is now.  It was three, four years ago where that they had an interest, maybe now it might the other way around.  You are working now and you have an interest in...  You have expertise in this narrow vein mining and there are probably other mines in there that could use that.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  That is true.  But as I said, let's first get the current operation up and running and then we'll be able to get a better idea of where it is we go in the future. 
Marco G.:  All right,  well, I want to thank you again, Mr. Dippenaar.  You are taking time, and it is the end of a very busy day for you, in the middle of your busy schedule.  This is really an exciting time for you I' m sure, that these things are coming to fruition.  Burnstone pouring Gold and Hollister being  stabilized as an actual operation. 
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Yeah.......It is definitely an exciting time to be around. is a great time to be around.
Marco G.:  And also, certainly helps that there seem to be an increased emphasis on the Gold and precious metals.  Here you have two mines coming into full production right in the midst of that big trend.
Ferdi Dippenaar: is a nice change.  We've been working on this extremely hard.   And it just seems like it is coming together pretty nicely. 
Marco G.:  Well, my hat's off to you and your folks.  You folks have really brought it in.  This is probably just the beginning for Great Basin.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  I believe that.  I think we are at a very, very interesting time in the Company's development.
Marco G.:  I kind of hear what you are saying about Burnstone, you have already 12-13 million ounces of Gold there.  The money has more bang for the buck, say elsewhere as at Hollister where it may be possible to expand production with the grades and the expertise that you have at being able to mine the narrow widths.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Absolutely.
Marco G.:  Well, that is just great.   I hope that this interests our readers and maybe new investors.
Ferdi Dippenaar:  Thank you, I appreciate it.
Well, dear readers, there you have it, the CEO of Great Basin, that is in the process of ramping up two high quality production Gold mines. 

Outlook for Great Basin Gold in Production

The author borrows information from Great Basin's presentation at the recent September 20th, 2010, Denver Gold Show to display the company outlook forthcoming.  The production forecast is in the chart following:  (click to enlarge).

Figure 1:  GBG Production Estimate.  Note the increase this year from Burnstone coming online and Hollister being stabilized.
Great Basin's Hollister mine is now in full production with their Esmeralda mill tuned up for full recoveries.  Added to Hollister's production is the start of milling at the Witwatersrand Burnstone mine this month.  Great Basin is estimating production of about 150,000 ounces of Gold for fiscal 2010.  That means sometime in the 4th quarter of 2010, Great Basin Gold will turn the corner into profitability. 
Then the outlook for 2011, in production is about 270,000 ounces of Gold.

Outlook for Great Basin Gold in Cash Flow

The chart following displays the estimated cash flow for the next few years:  (click to enlarge).

Figure 2:  GBG Cash Flow Forecast.  Note the rapid jump to almost $200 Million in 2011.
It is estimated that Great Basin after turning profitable towards the end of 2010, will now turn cash flow positive in 2011 with almost $200 million for the year.  This is due to the quick  ramp up in production of the Hollister and Burnstone mines.  This is a time of rapid change for the good in the financial affairs of the company.  As Mr. Dippenaar commented in the interview above:
                "Yeah.......It is definitely an exciting time to be around. is a great time to be around."

Great Basin Gold is now in High Growth Stage of Cycle

Great Basin is in an opportune spot, as displayed in the classic model of a mining company along the route of mine development in the chart below:  (click to enlarge).

Figure 3:  Classic Mining Company Ramp Up.  Note the potential for a company that sits in the sweet spot of between point 6 and 7.  The high growth stage of GBG may be just starting.
That opportune sweet spot is just when the mining company turns the corner into profitability and is now poised for high growth.  Great Basin has just completed the mine construction and is now at the production start-up point.  As the theoretical model shows, there now appears to be great upside, as the company enters the high growth stage of its life.

Marco G.'s Opinion

The author looks to satisfy two prime criteria for investing in a mining company.  The first criteria is the quality, competence and perseverance of management.  Mining is difficult, and the results will boil down to how the management will create value for the investor.
The second criteria consists of the prospects of mining in terms of production, reserves & resources and exploration upside.  Obviously, Great Basin is increasing production with the commissioning of the Burnstone mine.  The Burnstone mine is a shallow, low cost and long life golden nugget for Great Basin Gold.
 For reserves and resources, recently in September 2010, Great Basin has released  new NI 43-101 technical  reports for both their Burnstone and Hollister mines.
As for exploration, now that the mine building emphasis may be shifted, funding for  exploration should resume.  This was what the interview with Mr. Dippenaar was about; where are the exploration opportunities for Great Basin?  There are many drilling prospects as disclosed in the interview, but the highest priority will be the underground drilling from Hollister due to be reported upon this year.  Why is Hollister the highest priority, you may ask?  The Gold mining grades at Hollister are among the highest grades in the world for a production gold mine and may be considered "bonanza" grades, as reported in the September 2010 NI 43-101 report:
At a cut-off grade of 0.25 oz/ton (8.57 g/t Au), the combined measured and indicated mineral resources contain 1.64 million gold equivalent ounces grading 1.305 oz/ton (44.73 g/t Au) for gold and 10.3 oz/ton (355 g/t) for silver
The high grade is not just a lucky hit but the calculated average over the whole resource definition.  Hollister is the second bright nugget for Great Basin Gold.

Disclosure: The author is long Great Basin Gold -GBG.

Important Disclaimer

The information and opinions contained within this document reflect the personal views of the author and should be viewed as food for thought and amusement only. The author may from time to time have a position in any of the securities mentioned. There are no guarantees of the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained herein. Independent due diligence and discussions with one’s own investment and business advisor is strongly recommended. These writings are not to be construed as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sale of any security or as an endorsement of any product or service. We do not request or receive compensation in any form in order to feature companies in this publication. It is prohibited to copy or redistribute this document to any type of third party without the express permission of the author. This document may be quoted, in context, provided proper credit is given.

Friday, October 8, 2010

Gold ETFs Killing Gold Miners

Gold ETFs Killing Gold Miners

By: Marco G.

October 8th, 2010

What does this title mean?  The author was perusing an article about commodities investing this past decade and came up with a startling revelation.  Since the advent of the large Gold exchanged traded fund GLD in 2006, the author has noticed a serious lagging of leverage for the large cap Gold miners.  Gold miners are not producing gains higher than that of the underlying Gold price.

Gold Miners Not Providing Leverage

As analyzed in my previous article, “Peak Gold or Gold Corp Overpays for Andean”, the major Gold miners are not providing leverage from the underlying Gold price.  Gold gains 10% in price and the miners gain 10% in price.  True the mining equity is marching along with the Gold price moves, but the equity should compensate the investor with more gains and leverage for taking the increased company specific risks of investing in a company stock.
Gold, the metal itself does not have company specific risks, whereas each mining equity carries a whole cartload of risks including country location, mining performance, governmental and environmental, geological happenstances and so on and so forth.

Mysterious Myth of Miners Leverage by Hardrock

As further support of this theory, examine the information presented by fellow Seeking Alpha contributor “Hardrock” here. 
One of his charts was so striking, that I have reproduced it here following:
Figure 1:  Source:  Mysterious Myth of Miners Leverage,

The GDX has been underperforming the Gold price.  I am sure that the majority of investors out there would not be aware of this Gold stock underperformance and would be shaking their heads in confusion.  This runs contrary to established mining lore, where the equities leverage the price of the underlying metal.  This is startling information indeed and this has many implications for precious metal investing.

Ease of Investing in Gold ETFs

If you are like me, before you make any investment in a company, you spend days, in reviewing financials, analyst reports, websites and investment blogs trying to understand the company and their prospects for future growth.  Well, is not investing in the GLD ETF a whole lot easier?  No research or due diligence required.  Just put out the capital and you are done.
Monies that would have been put into investment in large Gold mines are now a lot easier put into the GLD ETF. 


Large Gold companies are now not providing any leverage to the underlying Gold price because of the ease of investing in the new Gold ETFs.  Welcome to the brave new world of precious metals investing.

Peak Gold or Andean Results Confirm Gold Corp Over-paying

Peak Gold or Andean Results Confirm Gold Corp Over-paying.

By: Marco G.

October 8th, 2010


Andean Resources (ANDPF.PK, TSX:AND) issued a news release yesterday with results from their 72 drill holes since their previous July 19th release .  The results were interesting gold drilling wise but mundane in terms of adding spectacular value for Andean and only served to confirm what the author already expressed about Gold Corp (GG, TSX:G) over paying for this acquisition in this editorial here.
In my previous criticism, the author asserted that Gold Corp was paying $1619 per reserve ounce for Andean’s kitty of 2.1 million ounces and that was way too much. 
The author is not a geologist, and speculates that even if the new drill results will change all the previous NI 43-101 3.1 million compliant resources into minable reserves, the resulting price of $1096 per reserve Gold ounce is still too much.
The high price per reserve ounce that Gold Corp is willing to pay is indicative of the large gold companies operating environment presently and serves to underscore their desperate battle to maintain their market value in the face of mined out reserves and increasing mining costs.

Peak Gold or Mined Out Reserves

Aaron Regent, president of Barrick Gold (ABX, TSX:ABX) the world’s largest gold producer made a surprising announcement last fall regarding their Gold mining business.  He told an English audience in 2009  at a Gold Conference in London that:
“There is a strong case to be made that we are already at peak gold,” Regent said. “Production peaked around 2000 and it has been in decline ever since. And we forecast that decline to continue as it is increasingly difficult to find ore.”
Global Gold output has been in decline since 2000-2001.  The declines average 5% per year and is a factor in the Gold’s price quintupling since then.   For example the production output from North America has decline by an astonishing 60% over the last decade. 
The days of easy Gold discovery and cheap Gold production days are gone.

Peak Oil or Rising Production Costs

Mining with the moving and excavation of mountains of materials, is in itself is an extraordinarily energy intensive business.  Note the energy problems that surfaced in South Africa, last year, as Eskom their power utility, cut back their services and increased their service rates.  This caused the whole family of South African miners to suffer severe problems and reduced their market capitalization across the board.
Noted economist Dian Chu recently penned in her Seeking Alpha article a prediction of $100 per barrel of Oil:
But the longer term trend is clear as traders and fund managers want to be strategically exposed to Oil from this point forward, as the real upward move is just now starting, expect crude oil to hit $100 a barrel by January, and only going higher from there.
Oil prices factor directly into mining costs and indirectly into the infrastructure and material movement costs of these large mining projects. 
The only saving factor for the large Gold miners is that the market price of the Gold precious metal appears to be going up for the longer term.

Market Reception of Large Cap Golds

How has the market been valuing the share prices of these large Gold miners?  The author ran a performance chart for the gold ETF GLD, the large miners index HUI, the quality Gold miner Gold Corp, and the junior Gold miners ETF GDXJ as follows:  (click to enlarge)

In this year-to-date price performance comparison, the GLD ETF, the red trace has gained about 22%.  The surprising fact is that the blue trace, the HUI large gold miners index has only gained about the same 22% as the Gold price.  Then we see that the green trace, Gold Corp was fairly equal with both GLD and HUI until September, when it drops off to show a total year-to-date gain of about 15%.  The Gold miners Junior ETF the GDXJ has gained a chart leading 40% for the year.
Is this surprising to the reader?  Even with the higher Gold prices, and increased profits, the large miners, such as Newmont (NEM) are reporting increased operating costs, and their share prices are stagnating.
For a closer look at these miners during the recent Summer’s end run-up in the price of Gold, the author ran a second performance chart for the last six weeks as displayed following:  (click to enlarge)

During this shorter time period the performers were in the same sequence as in the previous chart.  During the last six weeks, Gold has increased in price about 7.5% together along with the HUI index’s increase of 7.5%.  Note that the blue HUI line is more volatile relative to the red GLD line.  The HUI both undershoots and overshoots the red GLD price line.
Gold Corp’s price went nowhere and stayed the same.  The market is showing uncertainty about the value of Gold Corp purchasing Andean Resources.
Finally though, look at the performance of the GDXJ ETF.  This collection of 60 junior Gold companies with market capitalizations of mostly under $1 Billion dollars shows a spectacular leverage to the price of Gold.  The GLDJ shows a 15+% increase relative to Gold’s GLD about 7% increase for a leverage of about 100% more gains. 
This second look serves to confirm the first chart’s observations. 


Peak Gold together with Peak Oil is upon us and may force investors to look at the precious metals markets differently.  The irrational or possibly rational market is not valuing major Gold producers as good investments presently.  The price charts evidence shows that investors might just as well just place their monies in the Gold metal itself, as the major caps are certainly providing no leverage at all to the metal price.   Investing in the gold equities would also bring on extra companies’ risk such as exhibited by Gold Corp with their acquisition of Andean and the resulting price decline. 
The second piece of price performance evidence is that the junior Gold producers are hot.  They as a group are providing investors with a doubled leverage to the underlying Gold price.  This should be noted by astute investors, as this junior Gold producer segment is where the market valuation changes are happening right now.